Alligators in Florida will be targeted around-the-clock when the next hunting season begins in August.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission approved a final rule change last week that will extend what had largely been nighttime hunting — between 5 p.m. and 10 a.m. — to 24 hours during the season.
Supporters said the change will help hunters better schedule trips and potentially allow more young and senior hunters to participate, as they might be more comfortable hunting during the day.
The commission approved the change in a voice vote during a meeting at the Hilton University of Florida Conference Center in Gainesville. However, Commissioner Sonya Rood said the daytime hours could result in some uncomfortable situations for parents.
“If I'm out with my family, and I've got some kids and we witness that (a gator being killed). I think it'd be traumatic for kids to see,” Rood said.
Commission Chairman Rodney Barreto defended the change, calling the hunt a sign that efforts to protect alligators in Florida have been working.
“I think the public needs to understand that the American alligator in Florida, like the manatees, has been a huge success story. It really has,” Barreto said. “As a conservation commission, our mission is not complete, but it's working.”
Gov. Ron DeSantis last week said he would approve $30 million in the state budget for the upcoming year to help manatees after a record number of deaths in 2021. Those deaths largely stemmed from a lack of seagrass that provides critical food for manatees. The commission estimates a minimum of 7,520 manatees inhabit Florida waters.
Florida has an estimated 1.3 million alligators, and the annual hunt, which runs from Aug. 15 to Nov. 1, results in about 7,500 alligators killed.
The state each year issues about 7,500 permits, with 40 to 50 percent of permit holders reaching a two-gator limit, said Brooke Talley, coordinator of the commission’s Alligator Management Program.
About 7,500 more alligators a year are killed in nuisance situations.
Carla Wilson, a Winter Springs resident and animal-rights activist, said the commission should revisit the rule change after November, as daylight hunting could affect tourism and recreational boating.
“It would easily kill an afternoon to have a family boating out on a lake interrupted by a violent gator killing or seeing a bloody alligator hanging off the side of a boat,” Wilson said.
In supporting the change, Newton Cook of the United Waterfowlers Florida said the new hours will help law enforcement.
“It just takes away complications and confusion out there,” Newton said. “It's a nightmare for law enforcement. You know some guys got a gator hooked up and it's 10:15 (a.m.). What do you do?”
The commission last week also agreed to expand the arsenal for alligator hunters by allowing pre-charged pneumatic airbows with tethered lines.
Bryan Wilson, of Winter Springs, expressed concerns about inexperienced hunters using the airbows and said broken tethers could result in alligators escaping but remaining maimed.
The state has allowed a number of methods involving tethered lines, including crossbows, bows, snatch hooks and harpoons. Airbows, which are charged with an external high compression source to propel arrows, were not commercially available the last time the state updated its alligator-harvest methods.
To determine their future use, Talley said the commission could include questions about the effectiveness of airbows when it surveys hunters after the season.
The commission had received comments from more than 7,000 people through workshops, webinars and surveys that mostly supported the changes. However, concerns were raised, in part, that the 24-hour proposal would conflict with other outdoor activities, such as bass fishing and duck hunting, and about a potential for meat spoiling from alligators harvested during the hottest part of the day.